Moving the US Troops in 1917-19

USS Mount Vernon

This page is part of my web pages concerning the picture postcards of WW I troopships. This page describes the troopships themselves and a bit about their history.

I have a copy of a book entitled A History of the Transport Service by Vice Admiral Albert Gleaves, U.S.N. It was published in 1921 and describes the incredible effort needed to transport millions of American troops both over to France and back home again. Several tables and illustrations from the book are available from my Flickr account, by following the links on this page. This information may help if you are looking for a particular ship or wish to see the statistics behind this major war effort.

Note that this book's contents are available online: Online copy of A History of the Transport Service by Vice Admiral Albert Gleaves, U.S.N. You can download your own copy and learn more about this fascinating history, and the ships and men that were part of it.

Listings of Ships

The following images were scanned from the book mentioned above. These pages list the ships used to take troops over to France. These ships also took part in the return of the troops. Any of the German ships listed here were seized by the US after it's entrance into the War in 1917. (Note that other German ships were used to return troops, but those ships were given to the US as part of the post-War reparations.) Each line is formatted thus: NAME of SHIP [tonnage], Ship Origin, 'Turns:', Number of Turnarounds, 'Px:', Total Passengers Carried to Europe, Date this ship started to carry troops (Month, Day-Year as '17' or '18' for 1917 or 1918).

Aeolus [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 24770, Aug. 4-17

Agamemnon [30000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 36097, Aug. 21-17

America [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 39768, Aug. 6-17

Antigone [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 16526, Sep. 5-17

Calamares [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 7657, Apr. 9-18

Covington [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21628, Jul. 28-17

De Kalb (Aux. Cruiser) [14280], Ex-German, Turns: 11, Px: 11334, May 12-17

Finland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 12654, Apr. 26-18

Geo. Washington [George Washington] [39435], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 48373, Sep. 6-17

Great Northern [14000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 10, Px: 28248, Nov. 1-17

Hancock [10000], Marine Transport, Turns: 2, Px: 1438, ---

Harrisburg [15000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 9855, May 29-18

Henderson [10000], Marine Transport, Turns: 10, Px: 16352, May 24-17

Huron [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 20871, Jul. 25-17

K. der Nederlanden [Koningin der Nederlanden] [13600], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 3, Px: 6283, Apr. 4-18

Kroonland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 14125, Apr. 25-18

Lenape [7000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 8975, Apr. 24-17

Leviathan [69000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 96804, Jul. 25-17

Louisville [14000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 9247, Apr. 27-18

Madawaska [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 17931, Aug. 27-17

H. R. Mallory [11000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 9756, Apr. 17-18

Manchuria [26500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 14491, Apr. 25-18

Martha Washington [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 22311, Jan. 2-18

Matsonia [17000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 13329, Mar. 1-18

Maui [17500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 11042, Mar. 6-18

Mercury [16000], Ex-German, Turns: 7, Px: 18542, Aug. 3-17

Mongolia [26695], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 19013, May 8-18

Mount Vernon [32130], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 33692, Jul. 28-17

Northern Pacific [12500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 9, Px: 20711, Nov. 1-17

Orizaba [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 15712, May 27-18

Pastores [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 9928, May 6-18

Plattsburg [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 8776, May 25-18

Pocahontas [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 20503, Jul. 25-17

Powhatan [17000], Ex-German, Turns: 7, Px: 14613, Aug. 16-17

Pres. Grant [President Grant] [33000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 39974, Aug. 2-17

Pres. Lincoln [President Lincoln] [29000], Ex-German, Turns: 5, Px: 20143, Jul. 25-17

Princess Matoika [17500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21216, May 27-18

Rijndam [22070], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 6, Px: 17913, May 1-18

Siboney [11250], Am-Passenger, Turns: 7, Px: 20219, Apr. 8-18

Sierra [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 1, Px: 1712, Jul. 1-18

Susquehanna [16950], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 18345, Sep. 5-17

Tenadores [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 13, Px: 15698, Apr. 17-18

Von Steuben [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 14347, Jun. 9-17

Wilhelmina [13500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 11053, Jan. 26-18

Zeelandia [12950], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 5, Px: 8349, Apr. 3-18


The same table as above, but sorted by the number of troops handled. This information may be of use to collectors, since there may be a relationship between the number of troops, and the number of possible postcards and letters purchased and/or mailed from these ships. Some of these ships carried very, very few passengers during the War.


Leviathan [69000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 96804, Jul. 25-17

Geo. Washington [George Washington] [39435], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 48373, Sep. 6-17

Pres. Grant [President Grant] [33000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 39974, Aug. 2-17

America [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 39768, Aug. 6-17

Agamemnon [30000], Ex-German, Turns: 10, Px: 36097, Aug. 21-17

Mount Vernon [32130], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 33692, Jul. 28-17

Great Northern [14000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 10, Px: 28248, Nov. 1-17

Aeolus [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 24770, Aug. 4-17

Martha Washington [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 22311, Jan. 2-18

Covington [41500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21628, Jul. 28-17

Princess Matoika [17500], Ex-German, Turns: 6, Px: 21216, May 27-18

Huron [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 20871, Jul. 25-17

Northern Pacific [12500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 9, Px: 20711, Nov. 1-17

Pocahontas [14500], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 20503, Jul. 25-17

Siboney [11250], Am-Passenger, Turns: 7, Px: 20219, Apr. 8-18

Pres. Lincoln [President Lincoln] [29000], Ex-German, Turns: 5, Px: 20143, Jul. 25-17

Mongolia [26695], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 19013, May 8-18

Mercury [16000], Ex-German, Turns: 7, Px: 18542, Aug. 3-17

Susquehanna [16950], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 18345, Sep. 5-17

Madawaska [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 17931, Aug. 27-17

Rijndam [22070], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 6, Px: 17913, May 1-18

Antigone [15000], Ex-German, Turns: 8, Px: 16526, Sep. 5-17

Henderson [10000], Marine Transport, Turns: 10, Px: 16352, May 24-17

Orizaba [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 15712, May 27-18

Tenadores [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 13, Px: 15698, Apr. 17-18

Powhatan [17000], Ex-German, Turns: 7, Px: 14613, Aug. 16-17

Manchuria [26500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 14491, Apr. 25-18

Von Steuben [22000], Ex-German, Turns: 9, Px: 14347, Jun. 9-17

Kroonland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 14125, Apr. 25-18

Matsonia [17000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 13329, Mar. 1-18

Finland [22000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 12654, Apr. 26-18

De Kalb (Aux. Cruiser) [14280], Ex-German, Turns: 11, Px: 11334, May 12-17

Wilhelmina [13500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 11053, Jan. 26-18

Maui [17500], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 11042, Mar. 6-18

Pastores [13000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 9928, May 6-18

Harrisburg [15000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 9855, May 29-18

H. R. Mallory [11000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 9756, Apr. 17-18

Louisville [14000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 9247, Apr. 27-18

Lenape [7000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 6, Px: 8975, Apr. 24-17

Plattsburg [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 4, Px: 8776, May 25-18

Zeelandia [12950], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 5, Px: 8349, Apr. 3-18

Calamares [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 5, Px: 7657, Apr. 9-18

K. der Nederlanden [Koningin der Nederlanden] [13600], Dutch Chartered, Turns: 3, Px: 6283, Apr. 4-18

Sierra [10000], Am-Passenger, Turns: 1, Px: 1712, Jul. 1-18

Hancock [10000], Marine Transport, Turns: 2, Px: 1438, ---

Seized German Liners

A number of German ocean liners were interned by the US at the start of the European war (1914). They were seized when the US entered the war (1917) and converted to troopships as quickly as possible, since the US did not have sufficient capacity to carry troops. The ships were renamed from their German names, when appropriate. The listings are headed by the city in which they were interned. Each line lists the ship name, with the [original German ship name] and the (tonnage) of the ship.

NEW YORK:

Aeolus [Grosser Kurfurst] (13102)

Agamemnon [Kaiser Wilhelm II] (19361)

Geo. Washington [George Washington] (19361)

Huron [Frederich der Grosse] (10771)

Leviathan [Vaterland] (52820)

Madawaska [Koenig Wilhelm] (9410)

Mercury [Barbarossa] (10984)

Pocahontas [Prinzess Irene] (10893)

Powhatan [Hamburg] (10531)

President Grant [President Grant] (33000 (book in error gives 18172))

President Lincoln [President Lincoln] (29000 (book in error gives 18172))

BOSTON:

America [Amerika] (22622)

Covington [Cincinnati] (16339)

Mount Vernon [Kronprinzessin Cecile] (19503)

NORFOLK:

Antigone [Neckar] (9835)

Susquehanna [Rheim] (7797)

PHILADELPHIA:

Von Steuben [Kronprinz Wilhelm ] (14008)

Page Image:

Book page listing German ships seized by the US in the First World War, and used as troopships.

The following tables show the names of the ships, both the original German and U. S. renaming. NOTE that this table does not show German ships taken as post-War reparations.


Ex-German (Early) Troopship Names

Amerika (America)

Barbarossa (Mercury)

Cincinnati (Covington)

George Washington (George Washington)

Frederich der Grosse (Huron)

Grosser Kurfurst (Aeolus)

Hamburg (Powhatan)

Kaiser Wilhelm II (Agamemnon)

Koenig Wilhelm (Madawaska)

Kronprinz Wilhelm (Von Steuben)

Kronprinzessin Cecile (Mount Vernon)

Neckar (Antigone)

President Grant (President Grant)

President Lincoln (President Lincoln)

Prinzess Irene (Pocahontas)

Rheim (Susquehanna)

Vaterland (Leviathan)

The same table, but sorted by the US ship name:

Grosser Kurfurst (Aeolus)

Kaiser Wilhelm II (Agamemnon)

Amerika (America)

Neckar (Antigone)

Cincinnati (Covington)

George Washington (George Washington)

Frederich der Grosse (Huron)

Vaterland (Leviathan)

Koenig Wilhelm (Madawaska)

Barbarossa (Mercury)

Kronprinzessin Cecile (Mount Vernon)

Prinzess Irene (Pocahontas)

Hamburg (Powhatan)

President Grant (President Grant)

President Lincoln (President Lincoln)

Rheim (Susquehanna)

Kronprinz Wilhelm (Von Steuben)


Foreign Ships

A number of foreign ships were also used to move US troops to and from France.

Kursk (British)

Czar (British)

Czaritza (British)

Dwinsk (British)

Vauban (British)

Caserta (Italian)

Dante Alighieri (Italian)

Duca D'Aosta (Italian)

Duca Degli Abruzzi (Italian)

Re D'Italia (Italian)

America (Italian)

Patria (French)

France (French)

Lutetia (French)

Sobral (Brazilian)

Page Image:

List of foreign ships used by the US as troopships during the First World War. [Flickr]


Ships Used for Troop Returning Only

These lists are long, so they have been moved to their own web page. See: ships used to return American troops after the First World War.


Some images are available of these ships. The Naval Historical Center keeps a list of all known ships used by, or part of, the U. S. Navy. The links to some of their ship images follow:

Santa Olivia

Pannonia

Kentuckian





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Updated June 4, 2015