spruce soldiers

89th Spruce Squadron

These pages are the work of Bob Swanson, but include much input from other sources, from the books written about the Spruce operations by the U. S. Government, to individual works, such as Soldiers in the Woods by the late Rod Crossley. In addition, a number of very generous family members have supplied information, photographs, and even entire unit history books and unit rosters to this website. My appreciation to all.